KVK has well established Soil and Water Testing laboratory, Plant Health Clinic and Seed Processing Unit for supply of quality seed material to the farmers.
A. Soil and Water Testing laboratory
Indiscriminate use of water by farmers over a period has lead to ill effects on soil health and plant growth especially in irrigation command areas. The low lying areas of farmers are facing the problems of water logging due to seepage from canals located in higher elevation from the cultivated fields. Further, imbalanced and excess use of fertilizers as per farmer’s wish, the problem has further aggravated in areas where the natural rain is scarce and erratic. Therefore, there was an urgent need for establishment of Soil Testing Laboratory (STL) to undertake the soil analysis to know the soil fertility constraints and to promote balanced plant nutrition. With this background, the soil testing laboratory was established at KVK at a cost of Rupees One Crore with a financial assistance of Rs.75.00 lakhs from National Mission for Sustainable Agency (NMSA), Government of India and assistance of Rs. 25.00 lakhs from host organization (KLE Society, Belagavi).
To assess the soil fertility status and recommend suitable and the economic nutrient doses through chemical fertilizers and organic manure for different crops and cropping systems.
- To identify the type and degree for degradation problems/ abnormalities like soil acidity, salinity and sodicity and to suggest effective remedial measures.
- To generate data for compilation of soil fertility maps.
- To study soil pollution related aspects and to offer advice preventive as well as remedial measures for safe food chain.
- To make continued efforts for improving science of wholesome analysis and interpretation of the soil test data for more meaningful use of this tool the soil care and crop product.
- The soil testing laboratory will also promote balanced fertilizer application.
(b) Salient achievements
- With establishment of the soil testing laboratory, the farmers of KVK jurisdiction are able to avail the facility of soil test.
- Soil testing laboratory have analyzed 11,711 soil samples from April 2018 to till date.
- Farmers are getting more awareness about the importance of soil testing and method of soil sampling.
- 1,05,878 Soil health cards issued to farmers enables them to resort to need based nutrient management.
- The farmers of this location have started application of fertilizers on integrated mode including micronutrients using soil health card
B. Plant Health Clinic
The production of fruits, vegetables and other horticultural products under protected cultivation can overcome major constraints such as pests and diseases and biotic stresses and can be managed appropriately. The Krishi Vigyan Kendra identified specific pest and diseases problem in major crops of Belagavi district and special emphasis on integrated pest management was given thrust to minimize the cost of plant protection as well as to minimize/eliminate the pest incidence. Similarly, an integration of different pest management methods is provided as a permanent solution against various pests. For development of model IPM Villages, the KVK selected farmers to adopt IPM in the crop production.
It is most essential to establish the Plant Health Clinic units to reduce the losses and quality of horticulture crops like vegetables and fruits which can help to get remunerative returns to the farming community at large.
With this background, National Horticulture Mission has sanctioned a project entitled ‘Plant Health Clinic with the outlay of Rs. 25,00,000 (Rupees twenty five lakh) only.
- To impart training for entrepreneurship skill development to the rural youths and farm women on mass production of bio-agents/ predators
- To create awareness among the farmers and extension staff of Horticulture and Agriculture Department about the use of eco-friendly bio-agents in farm production activities
- To ensure mass production and supply of bio-agents like PGPR, Trichoderma viridae and Pseudomonas florescence.
- To disseminate the technology of managing the soil borne plant pathogens in economically important crops of the region
- To educate the farmers on identification of pests (harmful) and defenders (beneficial) in their fields.
- Capacity building, generation of self-employment and entrepreneurship.
(b) Salient achievements
- In association with Dept. of Agriculture, Belagavi, Plant Health Clinic conducts pest surveillance in KVK jurisdiction taluks for benefit of the farming community during the season.
- Plant Health Clinic takes initiative in submission of report on outbreak of pest and diseases during the season and alerts the farmer to take precautionary measures through mass media, social media and voice/text message.
- Plant Health Clinic plays a vital role in diagnosing specific pest and disease causal organism, there by farmers are guided for right application of pesticides in prescribed dosage at the right time.
- This has reduced the usage of inappropriate and indiscriminate pesticides and thereby prevents the health hazards.
- Farmers, rural youths and farm women are also engaged in small scale production of these bio agents for use at their own fields.
- Farmers visit to KVK for purchase of bio pesticides and bio fertilizers for their own field as the awareness is created through campaigning. Around 3,000 farmers are benefited by this Plant Health Clinic.
- A total of 3,700 farmers have brought their disease/pest samples for diagnosis and remedial measures are suggested.